Cambridge 1 Academic Test 2 Passage 03: Tourism reading answers location, explanation and pdf summary. This reading paragraph has been taken from our huge collection of Academic & General Training (GT) Reading practice test PDF’s.
IELTS reading module focuses on evaluating a candidate’s comprehension skills and ability to understand English. This is done by testing the reading proficiency through questions based on different structures and paragraphs (500-950 words each). There are 40 questions in total and hence it becomes extremely important to practice each and every question structure before actually sitting for the exam.
This reading passage mainly consists of following types of questions:
- Match the headings
- Yes/No/Not Given
- Write correct letters
We are going to read some facts about the Tourism industry. You must read the passage carefully and try to answer all questions correctly.
A. Tourism, holiday making and travel are these days more significant social phenomena than most commentators have considered. On the face of it there could not be a more trivial subject for a book. And indeed since social scientists have had considerable difficulty explaining weightier topics such as work or politics it might be thought that they would have great difficulties in accounting for more trivial phenomena such as holiday making. However there are interesting parallels with the study of deviance. This involves the investigation of bizarre and idiosyncratic social practices which happen to be defined as deviant in some societies but not necessarily in others The assumption is that the investigation of deviance can reveal interesting and significant aspects of normal societies It could be said that a similar analysis can be applied to tourism
B. Tourism is a leisure activity which presupposes its opposite namely regulated and organised work It is one manifestation of how work and leisure are organised as separate and regulated spheres of social practice in modern societies Indeed acting as a tourist is one of the defining characteristics of being modern’ and the popular concept of tourism is that it is organised within particular places and occurs for regularised periods of time Tourist relationships arise from a movement of people to and their stay in various destinations This necessarily involves some movement that is the journey and a period of stay in a new place or places The journey and the stay are by definition outside the normal places of residence and work and are of a short term and temporary nature and there is a clear intention to return “home within a relatively short period of time.
C. A substantial proportion of the population of modern societies engages in such tourist practices new socialised forms of provision have developed in order to cope with the mass character of the gazes of tourists as opposed to the individual character of travel Places are chosen to be visited and be gazed upon because there is an anticipation especially through daydreaming and fantasy of intense pleasures, either on a different scale or involving different senses from those customarily encountered Such anticipation is constructed and sustained through a variety of non-tourist practices such as films TV literature, magazines records and videos which construct and reinforce this daydreaming.
D. Tourists tend to visit features of landscape and townscape which separate them off from everyday experience Such aspects are viewed because they are taken to be in some sense out of the ordinary The viewing of these tourist sights often involves different forms of social patterning with a much greater sensitivity to visual elements of landscape or townscape than is normally found in everyday life People linger over these sights in a way that they would not normally do in their home environment and the vision is objectified or captured through photographs postcards films and so on which enable the memory to be endlessly reproduced and recaptured.
E. One of the earliest dissertations on the subject of tourism is Boorstins analysis of the pseudo event (1964) where he argues that contemporary Americans cannot experience reality’ directly but thrive on “pseudo events Isolated from the host environment and the local people the mass tourist travels in guided groups and finds pleasure in inauthentic contrived attractions gullibly enjoying the pseudo events and disregarding the real world outside Over time the images generated of different tourist sights come to constitute a closed selfperpetuating system of illusions which provide the tourist with the basis for selecting and evaluating potential places to visit Such visits are made says Boorstin, within the “environmental bubble of the familiar American style hotel which insulates the tourist from the strangeness of the host environment
F. To service the burgeoning tourist industry, an array of professionals has developed who attempt to reproduce evernew objects for the tourist to look at These objects or places are located in a complex and changing hierarchy This depends upon the interplay between, on the one hand, competition between interests involved in the provision of such objects and, on the other hand changing class, gender, and generational distinctions of taste within the potential population of visitors It has been said that to be a tourist is one of the characteristics of the “modern experience Not to go away is like not possessing a car or a nice house. Travel is a marker of status in modern societies and is also thought to be necessary for good health.
Raiding Passage 3 has 6 paragraphs (A-F). Choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.
Write the appropriate numbers (i-ix) in boxes 28 32 on your answer sheet Paragraph D has been done for you as an example.
NB There are more headings than paragraphs so you will not use all of them. You may use any heading more than once.
|List of Headings|
|i. The politics of tourism |
ii. The cost of tourism
iii. Justifying the study of tourism
iv. Tourism contrasted with travel
v. The essence of modern tourism
vi. Tourism versus leisure
vii. The artificiality of modern tourism
viii. The role of modern tour guides
ix. Creating an alternative to the everyday experience
28. Paragraph A
29. Paragraph B
30. Paragraph C
31. Paragraph E
32. Paragraph E
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3?
In boxes 33-37 write:
|YES||if the statement agrees with the information given|
|NO||if the statement contradicts with the information given|
|NOT GIVEN||if there is no information about this|
33. Tourism is a trivial subject.
34. An analysis of deviance can act as a model for the analysis of tourism.
35. Tourists usually choose to travel overseas.
36. Tourists focus more on places they visit than those at home.
37. Tour operators try to cheat tourists.
Chose one phrase (A-H) from the list of phrases to complete each key point below. Write the appropriate letters (A-H) in boxes 38-41 on your answer sheet.
The information in the completed sentences should be an accurate summary of points made by the writer.
NB There are more phrases A-H than sentences so you will not use them all. You may use any phrase more than once.
38. Our concept of tourism arises from …
39. The media can be used to enhance …
40. People view tourist landscapes in a different way from …
41. Group tours encourage participants to look at …
Check out your Tourism reading answers below with locations and explanations given in the text.
|28-32||Paragraph headings||• detailed reading|
• identifying main ideas/themes/topics
• understanding gist
|33-37||Yes, No, Not Given||• skimming for detailed information|
• understanding paraphrase and gist
• identifying attitude and opinion
|38-41||Matching phrases||• skimming/scanning for detail|
• understanding paraphrase and gist
• making inferences
- Read the task rubric carefully. By choosing the correct phrase A-H, you will make summary points of the information given in the passage.
- It is obviously best to work from the questions as these are the start of each sentence.
- Read through item 38.
- Read through the list of phrases to familiarise yourself with them.
- Skim through the passage looking for key words that indicate that the information in question 38 is going to be discussed. For item 38, this occurs in paragraph B. In the middle of the paragraph you read: “… the popular concept of tourism is that …’. But to understand the entire point you will have to read the whole paragraph and take the gist. This is best summarised in the second sentence of the paragraph: “It is one manifestation of how work and leisure are organised as separate and regulated spheres of social practice in “modern” societies.’ So the answer to question 38 is D.
- Go on to item 39 and repeat this procedure.
|Question||Answer||Location of answer in the text|
|38||D||“It is one manifestation of how work and leisure are organised as separate and regulated spheres …”|
|39||B||“Such anticipation is constructed and sustained through a variety of non tourist practices, such as film TV …”|
|40||F||“The viewing of these tourist sites often involves … a much greater sensitivity to visual elements of landscape or townscape than is normally found in daily life .”|
|41||H||“… the mass tourist travels in guided groups and finds pleasure in inauthentic, contrived attractions …”|
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